History of the peloponnesian war, by thucydides book viii the news was brought to athens, but the athenians could not believe that the armament had been so completely annihilated, although they had the positive assurances of the very soldiers who 1 had escaped from the scene of action. Perseus constellation simple english wikipedia, the free. In greek mythology cassiopeia would boast that she was more beautiful than the nereid nymphs, a boat which of course enraged the nereids, which then prompted poseidon to send forth a sea monster. Such were the events of the winter, and so ended the second year of this war of which thucydides was the historian. Third year of the war investment of plataea naval victories of phormio thracian irruption into macedonia under sitalces. The ground lying below the acropolis was forbidden by a curse. Perseus the constellation image in perseus slideshow. Thucydides, history of the peloponnesian war, the second. Thucydides was an athenian strategos, a political as well as a military post. Thucydides cum scholiis et antiquis et utilibus sine quibus autor intellectu multum est, difficilis. He was himself politically active, therefore, and it is reasonable to assume that. He saw himself as recording an event, not a period, and went to considerable lengths to exclude what he deemed frivolous or extraneous.
History of the peloponnesian war, thoukydides meta scholion palaion kai pany ophelimon choris hon ho syngrapheus poly, aneucheres esti. And now the war between the athenians and peloponnesians and the allies of both actually began. The constellation depicting perseus lies in a prominent part of the milky way, which is perhaps why aratus termed him duststained. Speeches play an important role in thucydides history, but remember. The history of the peloponnesian war the internet classics. His history of the first conflict, 431421, was nearly complete. Thucydides, history of the peloponnesian war, volume i. It is represented by perseus holding a sword above his head in his right hand and the decapitated head of the gorgon medusa in his left. He dedicated his career to the deep study of this conflict and his book is a modern masterpiece. Of course, many of the constellation names are more modern telescopium, the telescope, being a rather obvious newcomer. The narrative is arranged according to summers and winters and follows the order of events. In greek mythology, perseus was the son of zeus and danae, daughter of acrisius, the king of argos. It was written by thucydides, an athenian historian who also served as an athenian general during. Thucydides, the peloponnesian war, book 2, chapter 2, section 1.
The constellations we recognize today were first mapped by the ancient greeks, who arranged the stars into patterns for that purpose. All search options view abbreviations home collectionstexts perseus catalog research grants open source about help. This paper suggests that two muchdiscussed passages in pericles funeral speech in thucydides book 2, the first in 2. Thucydides was still at work on this when the war spread to sicily and into a conflict 4154 likewise. Greek mythology is full of heroes, but the greatest of them all was perseus.
This commentary contains very good explanations and clarifies thucydides syntax effectively. Perseus is also bordered by aries and taurus to the south, auriga to the east, camelopardalis to the north, and triangulum to the west. Commentary on thucydides book 1 english logos bible. The witness of the stars book ii, chapter iv philologos. The state of greece from the earliest times to the commencement of the peloponnesian war. At one point the constellation was known as corona sagittarii suggest it was the crown of the archer, or perhaps not a crown but instead a sheaf of arrows. Selections from the history of the peloponnesian war, and more on. Perseus is near several constellations whose names derive from the adventures of the greek hero, known as the perseus group. The perseus project is a digital library that has been under continuous. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. I am very pleased to get hold of a reprint of this useful commentary on thucydides, sometimes a challenging authro, particularly in the speeches. History the socalled funeral oration given by pericles in book 2, lianeris.
Being one of the gods favored sons, perseus was placed in the stars to live forever. Perseus promptly fell in love with her, killed the monster, and married the princess. It is one of the 48 ancient constellations listed by the 2ndcentury astronomer ptolemy, and among the 88 modern constellations defined by the international astronomical union iau. On his feet are winged sandals, given to him as a gift from mercury. Thucydides has been dubbed the father of scientific history due to his strict standards of evidence. Other constellations in the perseus group include andromeda, cassiopeia and pegasus. Products commentary on thucydides book 1 english commentary on thucydides book 1 english.
How close they are to the presumed originals what pericles and the others actually said, or even if they are close at. Perseus the hero perseus celestial atlas by alexander jamieson 1822. The constellation was named after the mythical hero perseus. The history of the peloponnesian war by thucydides, part of the internet classics archive. The spectator turned out to be the grandfather of perseus, king acrisius, thereby fulfilling the prophecy the king had tried so hard to avoid that he would be killed by his grandson. In arabic, the name means head of the demon, which makes many scientists believe the star was supposed to represent medusas eye. The myth of perseus tells how he was sent on a quest to bring back a gorgons head to king polydectes. When looking at the image, algol is the white star in the right leg. The constellations and greek mythology page 5 greek. Thucydides history of the peloponnesian war, book 2. Dionysius shared his profession with the subject of this essay. Perseus flew on until he spotted the beautiful maiden andromeda, who was chained to the rocky shore as a sacrifice to a sea monster.
And so ended this winter, and the third year of this war, of which thucydides was the historian. Peretz, from which we have the greek form perses, or perseus rom 16. The neighboring constellations are andromeda, aries, auriga, camelopardalis, cassiopeia. The constellation cassiopeia is named for the queen of aethopia, who was the wife of cepheus and mother of andromeda. Cassiopeias daughter would be placed as a sacrifice to this seamonster but. Click anywhere in the line to jump to another position. The history of the peloponnesian war by thucydides written 431 b. Rusten, thucydides, the peloponnesian war, book ii cambridge 1989 212. And the winter ended, and with it ended the sixteenth year of this war of which thucydides is the historian. Perseus is the granddaddy of all the greek heroes, coming before theseus, heracles, odysseus, and the rest.
Thucydides history of the peloponnesian war is a key text in the classical. Thus the winter ended, and with it ended the seventh year of this war of which thucydides is the historian. Thucydides books list of books by author thucydides. Thucydides history of the peloponnesian war 8 vols. Thucydides, the peloponnesian war, book 2, chapter 47. Thucydides, the peloponnesian war, book 2, chapter 60, section 4. Lucapus falls in love with daphne and dresses like a women to get close to her, apollo is in love with her so makes them go swimming, revealing hes a man and apollo chases her but doesnt want her, ovids version is cupid eros is the main function, he was wronged by apollo by saying that bows are for men, not for kids like you, cupid has 2 different arrows, one making you fall in love and. In the third century bc eratosthenes compiled a handbook of astral mythology in which the constellations were associated with figures from legend, and myths were provided to explain how each person, creature, or. In the fifteenth, in the fortyeighth year of the priestessship of chrysis at argos, in the ephorate of aenesias at sparta. Thucydides has been dubbed the father of scientific history by those who accept his claims to. Peloponnesian invasion of attica 428 bce 26 revolt of mytilene athenian expedition to lesbos 7 athenian expedition to acarnania. This study guide consists of approximately 49 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of history of the peloponnesian war.
Henceforward the struggle was uninterrupted, and they communicated with 2 one another only by heralds. Outline of thucydides book 3 university of vermont. Perseus was the son of the greek god zeus and the mortal princess danae. The war was really three conflicts with one uncertain peace after the first. Commentary on thucydides book 1 english logos bible software. Perseus used medusas head to turn cetus into stone and saved the princess.
Thucydides, an athenian, wrote the history of the war between the peloponnesians and the athenians, beginning at the moment that it broke out, and believing that it would be a great war, and more worthy of relation than any that had preceded it. In greek mythology perseus undertook a mission to kill the gorgon medusa, the. The second book of thucydides is of particular interest. The first unabridged translation into american english, and the first to take into account the wealth of thucydidean scholarship of the last half of the twentieth century, steven lattimores translation sets a new standard for accuracy and reliability. Perseus has been recognized as a constellation for at least 2,000 years. Perseus is the 24th largest constellation in the sky, occupying an area of 615 square degrees. The peloponnesian war thucydides, steven lattimore. And now the war between the athenians and peloponnesians and the allies of both 1 actually began. Perseeus the constellation of perseus, the hero son of zeus, is best viewed in winter during the month of december. Thucydides, history of the peloponnesian war, book ii.
Apr 16, 2012 history of the peloponnesian warbook 4. Home collectionstexts perseus catalog research grants open source about help. Feb 19, 2020 perseus, constellation in the northern sky at about 4 hours right ascension and 40 north in declination. Written by one of the fathers of western history, thucydides history of the peloponnesian war is a landmark literary and scholarly achievement documenting the pivot point in the golden age of athenian democracy. Book two begins thucydides history of the peloponnesian war, proper, and resorts to the successful chronological presentation of events which is generally pursued throughout the remainder of the text. Hide browse bar your current position in the text is marked in blue. Chapter xviii seventeenth year of the war the sicilian campaign affair of the hermae departure of the expedition the same winter the athenians resolved to sail again to sicily, with a greater armament than that under laches and eurymedon, and, if possible, to conquer the island. Almach, gamma andromedae, is a beautiful double star.
It is located near several other constellations named after ancient greek legends surrounding perseus, including andromeda to the west and cassiopeia to the north. His history of the peloponnesian war recounts the fifthcentury bc war between sparta and athens until the year 411 bc. A literal translation of the first book of thucydides, with. The history follows the chronological order of events by summers and winters. In a lot of ways, perseus is the dude that all mortal heroes have to measure up to. The constellations and greek mythology page 4 greek. Thucydides, the peloponnesian war, book 1, chapter 1. The appearance of hypercard and of the mac ii in 1987 constituted a huge. Reading kagan is great preparation for taking on thucydides.
A literal translation of the first book of thucydides. History of the peloponnesian warbook 2 wikisource, the. Histories, thucydides translated into english volume 1 1 of 32 translations. The characters in his story are represented by six constellations that occupy a substantial part of the sky. History of the peloponnesian warbook 4 wikisource, the. Thucydides cum commentariis antiquis et valde utilibus sine quibus author intellectu, est quam difficillimus. M110 is located one degree north west of m31 and m32 can be found half a degree south of m31. The boundary of the perseus constellation contains 7 stars that host known exoplanets. It was first charted by the greek astronomer ptolemy in the 2nd century. Corona australis is one of the least defined of ptolemys 48 constellations when it comes to greek mythology, and with a name in greek that means southern wreath, or crown, it has often been mistaken for corona corona borealis, the crown. Perseus is a constellation in the northern sky, being named after the greek mythological hero perseus.
In fact, by the 19th century the night sky had become crowded with overlapping and often contradictory constellation boundaries and names as different schools of astronomy prepared their own versions of star maps. He is a historian criticising another historian for the benefit of a third, 1 and he does so with a practical attention to the tools of their common trade which earns our admiration for its thoroughness and evident appreciation of the difficulties of the task of writing history. Perseus is best known for beheading the gorgon medusa, a snakehaired lady who can turn anybody who looks at her into stone. The best overall study of the peloponnesian war is donald kagans book. Thucydides omits discussion of the arts, literature, or the social milieu in which the events in his book take place and in which he grew up. Notes provide information necessary for a fuller understanding of problematic passages, explore their implications as well as the problems they. Wikimedia commons has media related to perseus constellation. There are 55 stars in this constellation, of which five are of the 3rd magnitude. Thucydides, the peloponnesian war, book 2, chapter 54, section 4. Even small telescopes can easily divide its two components of mags. Perseus is best known for beheading the gorgon medusa, a snakehaired lady who can turn anybody who looks at.
Perseus grandfather, acrisius, the king of argos, was warned by an oracle that he would be killed by his grandson. Jul 16, 2012 history of the peloponnesian war book 2. I would next recommend the landmark edition of thucydides. It is located near several other constellations named after ancient greek legends surrounding perseus. Perseus is a constellation in the northern hemisphere. Thucydides born around 460 bc died around 395 bc greek. The conflict, fought between the athenianled delian league and the spartanled peloponnesian league, signaled the end of athenian dominance in greece at the close of the fifth. The story of perseus take a look at the story of how perseus slew medusa, the mother of pegasus, and rescued andromeda, the daughter of cepheus and cassiopeia, from the sea monster cetus. A literal translation of the first book of thucydides, with notes, by h. Products commentary on thucydides book 1 english commentary on thucydides book 1 english by charles d.922 380 233 749 374 657 340 247 1587 1578 1465 791 1439 532 96 72 1391 819 636 1001 1501 1253 566 1323 57 1318 112 1367 1434 529 1122 921 767